When mentioning Hoi An, we often remember the city of glorious lanterns or the symbol of the Japanese bridge,… But have you ever wondered how many cultural eras existed in Hoi An in the past? According to the archaeological evidence, researchers have concluded that there were at least 3 different cultures that existed in Hoi An. Let’s Walk back in time with the historic of Hoi An Ancient Town through the article below!
Prehistoric and cultural era of Sa Huynh: 1000 BC – 2nd century AD
Sa Huynh is one of the three largest cultures in the prehistoric era on the territory of Vietnam, along with it is the Dong Son culture in the North and the Oc Eo culture in the South. Researchers have found artifacts dating back about 3000 years, especially clay jars. From there, partly recreate the beliefs and beliefs of the local residents. To learn more about Sa Huynh culture, you can visit the Sa Huynh culture museum in Hoi An at the following address: 149 Tran Phu.
Champa era: 2nd-15th century AD
Cham Pa was a powerful and prosperous kingdom that existed independently since 192 AD and completely disappeared and was officially merged into Vietnam in 1832. During this time, Hoi An was already an important trading port, with a role in promoting trade and cultural exchanges with other countries such as Arabia, Persia, China, and India.
Today, researchers have found a lot of relics of the ChamPa culture in Hoi An, especially ancient well systems. Going through the ups and downs of history, the country of Champa gradually weakened, since then Hoi An also gradually lost the role of an economic center.
The Dai Viet period (Vietnam) lasted from the 16th to the 19th century AD.
During this period, Vietnam was temporarily divided into Dang Trong (Cochinchina) and Dang Ngoai (Tonkin). Dang Trong was controlled by Lord Nguyen. Dang Ngoai was ruled by King Le and Lord Trinh. At this time, Hoi An belonged to Dang Trong, under the control of Lord Nguyen.
During this time, Lord Nguyen tried to build a strong government so that he could stand and develop under the threat and challenge of the Tonkin government. To do that, Lord Nguyen needed to build a developed economy for himself, and he decided to restore Hoi An trading port in the 16th century, and turn Hoi An into one of the busiest trading ports in Southeast Asia in the 17th and 18th centuries.
There have been many merchant ships from many countries such as Japan, China, Thailand, India, England, France, and Portugal have come here to trade with the locals. In particular, Lord Nguyen cut land for the Japanese and Chinese so that they could live and trade in Hoi An. These peaceful and open policies have contributed to the formation of Hoi An Ancient Town with cultural diversity, unique in architecture as it is today.
At the end of the 19th century, due to natural changes, as well as the formation of a new town, Da Nang in the north, Hoi An once again lost its role as a trading center. However, it is because of this that Hoi An is outside the trend of Urbanization, and has been preserved almost completely to this day.
As we walk back in time through the historic alleys of Hoi An Ancient Town, we not only witness the past but also gain a deeper appreciation for the resilience of a community that has embraced its heritage. It is a journey that invites reflection, sparks curiosity, and fosters a sense of appreciation for the cultural treasures that bind us to our collective human history.
HOIANESE FREE WALKING TOUR WITH LOCAL TOUR GUIDE
1. About our tour
– Visit 6 places to admire the heritage beauty and have a summarized about Hoi An Ancient Town included: Phuoc Bao Pagoda, Ba Mu Temple Gate, Thu Bon river, Japanese Bridge, Phung Hung Vietnamese Ancient House, Fujian Assembly Hall
>>> More information about our tour: The Walking Tour to the Ancient Town
2. Schedule expected (dependent on chosen option)
– Schedule: 08:30 am – 12:30 pm on Monday, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday (Tour duration: 4 hours )
– Maximum 20 slots
– Price: FREE
3. Cancellation flexibility: Free cancellation up to 24 hours before the start time
4. Meet your local tour guide, Bao
As a culture lover himself, he loves to visit, explore, and study history, people, and customs everywhere he goes. Hoi An Ancient Town is the place where he decided to settle down and stay for the rest of his life because of the huge value this little town brought to him.
>>> Contact us at +84 88 942 3608 to reserve your spot and unlock the secrets of Hoi An!